Archive for the ‘Qur’aan’ Category

The elite…

As-salaamu ‘alaykum warahmatullaahi wabarakaatuh,

This is from the chapter: “Honouring the people of Qur’aan and refraining from harming them”

Allaah the exalted say:

وَمَن يُعَظِّمْ شَعَائِرَ اللَّهِ فَإِنَّهَا مِن تَقْوَى الْقُلُوبِ

“…And whosoever honours the symbols of Allaah then that is indeed from the piety of the heart.” [Al-hajj:32]

And Allaah the almighty says:

ذَلِكَ وَمَن يُعَظِّمْ حُرُمَاتِ اللَّهِ فَهُوَ خَيْرٌ لَّهُ عِندَ رَبِّهِ

“…And whoever honours the sanctities of Allaah then that is better for him with his Lord.” [Al-Hajj:30]

Allaah the almighty says:

وَاخْفِضْ جَنَاحَكَ لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ

“And be gentle with the believers.” [Al-Hijr:88]

Allaah the almighty says:

وَالَّذِينَ يُؤْذُونَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ بِغَيْرِ مَا اكْتَسَبُوا فَقَدِ احْتَمَلُوا بُهْتَانًا وَإِثْمًا مُّبِينًا

“Those who harm the believing men and the believing women undeservedly have to bear on themselves the crime of slander and clear sin.” [Al-Ahzaab:58]

Abu Musa Al-Ashari (May Allaah be pleased with him) said that the Messenger of Allaah (Peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Among the means of venerating Allaah is to honour elderly Muslims, those who have memorised the Qur’aan and who neither exaggerates nor neglects it (the recitation) and to honour the people of authority who judge fairly.” [Narrated by Abu Dawood and is classified as hassan]

Aisha (May Allaah be pleased with her) said that the Messenger of Allaah (Peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) ordered us to place people in their respective rankings. [Narrated by Abu Dawood in his Sunan and Al-Haakim Abu Abdullaah classified it saheeh in his book ‘Uloomul Hadeeth’]

Jaabir bin Abdullaah (May Allaah be pleased with him) reports that the Messenger of Allaah (Peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) would bury two martyrs of Uhud together in the same grave and then asked; ‘Which of them knew more Qur’aan?’ and if one of the two was pointed out, he would place him in front of the other in the grave.” [Narrated by Al-Bukhaari]

Abu Hurayrah (May Allaah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allaah (Peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Indeed Allaah has said, whoever harms a friend of mine, I have indeed declared war against him.” [Narrated by Al-Bukhaari]

And it is also narrated in the two authentic books (Bukhaari and Muslim) that the Messenger of Allaah (Peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said” “Whoever prays the dawn prayers in congregation will be in the guardianship of Allaah, so let not yourselves be accountable to being questioned by Allaah regarding that under his guardianship.”

And the two great Imaams, Abu Haneefah and Shaafi’ee (May Allaah be pleased with them) are reported to have said: “If the scholars are not friends of Allaah, then Allaah has no friend.”

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At-Tibyaan fi adaab bi-hamalatil Qur’aan by Imaam Nawawi [p23-25]

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Allaah will love you…

As-salaamu ‘alaykum warahmatullaahi wabarakaatuh,

In these blessed days of Ramadaan, our Imaan is soaring, our tongues are moist with the rememberance of Allaah, our limbs bare the signs of fatique from hunger and thirst and our hearts are ever hopeful of the rewards awaiting us…and we say, as we should say everyday…We love our Lord!

Bishr Ibn Al-Sarri said: “It is not one of the signs of love that you hate what your beloved loves!”

Yahya Ibn Mu’adh said: “The one who claims to love Allaah yet does not preserve His limits is not truthful”

Al-Hasan said: “The companions of the prophet (sallaallahu ‘alayhi wa salam) said, ‘We Love our Lord a great deal,’ So Allaah desired to appoint a sign proving love of Him, so he revealed this verse”

قُلْ إِن كُنتُمْ تُحِبُّونَ اللّهَ فَاتَّبِعُونِي يُحْبِبْكُمُ اللّهُ

Say: “If you Love Allaah then follow me, Allaah will love you…”

 [Al-Imraan: 31]

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Tahqeeq kalimatul Ikhlaas by Ibn Rajab Al-Hanbali

A profound substitute

As-salaamu ‘alaykum warahmatullaahi wabarakaatuh,

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In the arabic language, not a stone is left unturned. The language is so rich that even a concept like tanween has more to it than simply being a nunation attached to nouns. The arabs have divided tanween into four types. One type is known as Tanweenul ‘Iwad and its purpose is to subsititute the tanween for a letter, a word, a sentence or even an attribute!

For example, Allaah (exalted and glorified be he) says:

فَلَوْلَا إِذَا بَلَغَتِ الْحُلْقُومَ

Then why do you not (intervene) when (the soul of the dying person) reaches the throat? [1]

And he (exalted and glorified be he) continues to say:

وَأَنتُمْ حِينَئِذٍ تَنظُرُونَ

And you at the moment are looking on [2].

And instead of repeating part of the previous ayah, the tanween attached to 7eena is a substitute for ‘idha balaghatil hulqoom’ so the ayah actually means ‘You at that moment, [when (the soul of the dying person) reaches the throat] you’re looking”

In another ayah Allaah (exalted and glorified be he) says:

وَرَعْدٌ وَبَرْقٌ

…thunder and lightning…[3]

The tanween on ra’d and barq are omitted for “…Ra’dun qassifun wa barqun khatifun…” (Crashing thunder and flashing lightning).

And in another ayah Allaah (exalted and glorified be he) says:

يَوْمَئِذٍ تُحَدِّثُ أَخْبَارَهَا

That day it will declare its information [4].

And so when this ayah was revealed, the Messenger of Allaah (sallaallaahu ‘alayhi wa salam) said:

فَإِنَّ أَخْبَارَهَا أَنْ تَشْهَدَ عَلَى كُلِّ عَبْدٍ وَأَمَةٍ بِمَا عَمِلَ عَلَى ظَهْرِهَا أَنْ تَقُولَ: عَمِلَ كَذَا وَكَذَا يَوْمَ كَذَا وَكَذَا، فَهَذِهِ أَخْبَارُهَا

Verily, its information is that it will testify against every male and female servant, about what they did upon its surface. It will say that he did such and such on such and such day. So this is its information.” [5]

Subhanallaah, May Allaah grant us understanding of the Qur’aan, ameen.

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[1] Al-Waqi’ah:83

[2] Al-Waqi’ah:84

[3] Al-Baqarah:19

[4] Az-Zalzalah:4

[5] Tafseer Ibn Katheer

So we strive

As-salaamu ‘alaykum warahmatullaahi wabarakaatuh,

Life is never easy but it is how you go about it that makes all the difference. So Allaah (exalted and glorified be he) has given us the key to success. In a characteristic that is scarce to find except with those who truly strive for the sake of Allaah. 

And seek help in patience and prayer and truly it is extremely heavy and hard except for the true, submissive believers.

[Al-Baqarah: 45]

Perhaps by the mercy of Allaah we too shall be amongst the saabireen, our ranking raised due to our perservence and humility. So we strive…and supplicate…in hope of…Patience.

Ibraheem debates with the angels

As-salaamu ‘alaykum warahmatullaahi wabarakaatuh,

When Jibreel (alayhi salaam) and those with him came to Ibraheem (alayhi salaam) they said:

إِنَّا مُهْلِكُو أَهْلِ هَـذِهِ الْقَرْيَةِ

Verily, we are going to destroy the people of this town…

[Al-Ankaboot:31]

 

He said to them: “Would you destroy a town that has 300 believers in it?”
 
They said: “No.”
He then said: “Will you destroy a town that has 200 believers in it?”

They said: “No.”

He said: “Will you destroy a town that has 40 believers in it?”

They said: “No.”

He then said: “30”

They still replied: “No.”

This continued until he said: “5”

They said: “No.

Then he said: “What do you think if there is 1 believer in the town, would you destroy it?”

They said, “No.”

With this, Ibraheem said: Indeed Luut is in it (the town).

They said: “We know better who is there. We will verily, save him and his family except his wife.”

Therefore, Ibraheem remained silent and his soul was at rest. And Allaah exalted be he said:

إِنَّ إِبْرَهِيمَ لَحَلِيمٌ أَوَّاهٌ مُّنِيبٌ
…Verily, Ibraheem was without a doubt, Haleem, Awwah, Muneeb.
[Hood:74]

 

 And concerning this, Imaam Sa’dee states in his tafseer; Haleem, meaning he had beautiful manners and did not anger when the ignorant behaved ignorantly. Awwah, meaning he always humbled himself to Allaah and Muneeb, meaning he always returned to Allaah with his knowledge and love for Him. And this is why he debated (with the angels) on behalf of those whom Allaah decreed to be destroyed.

Indeed this is why Ibraheem (alayhi salaam) is the most noble of all creation after the prophet (sallaallaahu ‘alayhi wa salam), for he was outstanding in character and in worship.

Most noble

As-salaamu ‘alaykum warahmatullaahi wabarakaatuh

 

 

 

Ibn Haajar Asqalaani (rahimahullaah) said in Fathul Baari:  We say, the Qur’aan is the most noble of all types of knowledge. So the one who learns it and teaches others; becomes the most noble than the one who teaches other than it [Qur’aan], even though he might teach something which becomes well established for his student.

 

And there is no doubt that learning the Qur’aan and teaching it, is more complete for a persons’ soul and to others

 

Recite from memory!

As-salaamu ‘alaykum warahmatullaahi wabarakaatuh,

“Trustworthiness was sent down in the depths of the heart of the people, then they learnt it from the Qur‘aan, and then they learnt it from the Sunnah.”

 

 

One of the worst habits that could have befallen upon the Ummah is the increase and negligence in memorising texts, from the Qur’aan to the wise  sayings of the scholars.  We see many muslims across the western countries fleeing to Islaamic talks and our echoes to ‘seek ‘Ilm’ has become a national anthem. However, let us ask ourselves how many of us are truly seeking this path? How many of us have taken the time to memorise the Qur’aan? The foundation of knowledge.

It has become even more appauling that Qur’aan teachers are so scarce to find. Yet when you enter the masaajid, instead of being welcomed by the sweet recitation of the Qur’aan, you will hear people quarreling about Fiqh issues when they have not even memorised the Qur’aan, nor do they have the knowledge to be discussing such matters!

Imaam Al-Khateeb Al-Baghdaadi (rahimahullaah) said:

“It is fitting for a student that he begins with the memorisation of the Book of Allaah (the Mighty and Majestic). Since it is the greatest of the branches of knowledge and that which should be placed first and given precedence.”

So why have we seen the raise of this culture that has left the memorisation of the Qur’aan as being something that is not sought? Alot of time we see students becoming almost distressed at the idea of memorising the whole Qur’aan. If the 7 year old boy can memorise it then we can too. If the 80 year old grandmother can memorise it, then we can too!

Allaah (exalted and glorified be he) said:

وَقُرْآناً فَرَقْنَاهُ لِتَقْرَأَهُ عَلَى النَّاسِ عَلَى مُكْثٍ وَنَزَّلْنَاهُ تَنزِيلاً

 

“And (it is) a Qur‘aan which We have divided (into parts) in order that you recite it to men at intervals. And we have sent it down in stages.” [Al-Isra’:106]

As the ayaah indicates, the Qur’aan was revealed in stages and Muslims across the world and through various times have also memorised it in stages. Memorisation of the Qur’aan is a wonderful thing and something that requires to be revived. But let us not think it will be easy, we must work hard to achieve it. 

And we see amongst us those who spend their time memorising ahadeeth and focusing all their energy on other sciences that they consider to be ‘exciting’. Whilst the copies of the Qur’aan have been abandoned to the extent that you see dust particles slowly coasting itself on these copies of the Qur’aan.

It is time to revive the way of the past. To tred the paths of those who had carved it with their bare hands. This is our chance to re-capture what we have lost before it is too late. How beautiful is it to have the words of Allaah engraved in our hearts, delicately treasured so it may constantly be with us wherever we go.  So I end with the words of the great Imaam.

Imaam Shafi’ee (rahimahullaah) said:

 

علمي معي حيثما يممت يتبعني ** قلبي وعاء له لا جوف صندوق

My knowledge is (always) with me; wherever I desire (to go) it follows me. My heart is a container for it (the knowledge), not a hollow inside a chest.

إن كنت في البيت كان العلم فيه معي ** أو كنت في السوق كان العلم في السوق

If i’m at home, the knowledge is there with me. Or if I am in the market-place then the knowledge is in the market-place.

 

Beyond Darkness

As-salaamu ‘alaykum warahmatullaahi wabarakatuh,

 

 

When the story of Yunus (‘alayhi salaam) is narrated to us in the Qur’aan it mentions about how he was in darkness.

 

Allaah (exalted and glorified be he) says:

 

وَذَا النُّونِ إِذ ذَّهَبَ مُغَاضِبًا فَظَنَّ أَن لَّن نَّقْدِرَ عَلَيْهِ فَنَادَى فِي الظُّلُمَاتِ أَن لَّا إِلَهَ إِلَّا أَنتَ سُبْحَانَكَ إِنِّي كُنتُ مِنَ الظَّالِمِينَ

And (remember) Jonah, when he went off in anger, and imagined that We shall not punish him (i.e. the calamites which had befallen him)! but he cried through the darkness (saying): None has the right to be worshipped but You (O Allah), Glorified (and Exalted) are You [above all that (evil) they associate with You]. Truly, I have been of the wrong-doers.” [Al-Anbiyaa:87]

 

In this ayah, the plural of dhulma (dhulumaat) is used. So why is darkness in the arabic language a plural? Because the darkness that had engulfed him(‘alayhi salaam) refers to several darkness. The darkness of the night, the darkness of the sea and the darkness of the belly of the fish. It is almost an emphasis on just how dark it is, for indeed if the singular  was used then it would carry a different meaning.

 

May Allaah grant us Ilmu Naafi (beneficial knowledge), Aameen.

 

                                            

Tafseer Ibn Katheer