Archive for the ‘Knowledge’ Category

The Salaf and the way they valued their time

As-salaamu ‘alaykum warahmatullaahi wabarakaatuh,

Al-Hassan Al-Basri (rahimahullaah) said: “Oh son of Aadam, you are but a few days, whenever a day is gone, part of you is gone too.” [1]

Al-Qasim Ibn Asa’kir (rahimahullaah) was informed that Sulaim Ibn Ayyub (rahimahullaah) used to give  importance to his time. He never wasted any time without doing a useful act. He either wrote books, gave lectures or read. [2]

Abu Al-Wafa’ Ali Ibn Aqeel (rahimahullaah) said: ” I am not allowed to waste an hour of my life. Even when I am not giving lectures or reading, my mind will still be occupied with some issues while I am lying down; and I will not get up until I find something useful to write. And I still find myself striving for knowledge in my eighties more so than when I was in my twenties.” [3]

Al-Hasan Al-Basri (rahimahullaah) advised his companions saying: “Do not be occupied with ephemeral worldly pleasure and forget the hereafter, your life is short, so hurry up and do not postpone today’s work till tomorrow, because you do not know when you will die and meet Allaah.” [4]

Al-Hasan Al-Basri (rahimahullaah) said: “I met some people who were more stingy with their time than their money” [5]

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[1] Siyar a’laam An-nubalaa by Adh-Dhahabi, 4:585

[2] Siyar a’laam An-nubalaa by Adh-Dhahabi, 17:646

[3] Al-Muntadham by Ibn Jawzi, 9:214

[4]Hilyat Al-Awliya by Abi Nu’aym, 2:140

[5] Sharh As-Sunnah by Al-Baghawi, 14:225

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Tuhfatul Atfaal Translated

As-salaamu ‘alaykum warahmatullaahi wabarakaatuh,

Tuhfatul atfaal

Download the file here

By the mercy of Allaah the translation of the classical and renowned tajweed text has been completed. I hope it is of benefit to those who read it.

Ibraheem debates with the angels

As-salaamu ‘alaykum warahmatullaahi wabarakaatuh,

When Jibreel (alayhi salaam) and those with him came to Ibraheem (alayhi salaam) they said:

إِنَّا مُهْلِكُو أَهْلِ هَـذِهِ الْقَرْيَةِ

Verily, we are going to destroy the people of this town…

[Al-Ankaboot:31]

 

He said to them: “Would you destroy a town that has 300 believers in it?”
 
They said: “No.”
He then said: “Will you destroy a town that has 200 believers in it?”

They said: “No.”

He said: “Will you destroy a town that has 40 believers in it?”

They said: “No.”

He then said: “30”

They still replied: “No.”

This continued until he said: “5”

They said: “No.

Then he said: “What do you think if there is 1 believer in the town, would you destroy it?”

They said, “No.”

With this, Ibraheem said: Indeed Luut is in it (the town).

They said: “We know better who is there. We will verily, save him and his family except his wife.”

Therefore, Ibraheem remained silent and his soul was at rest. And Allaah exalted be he said:

إِنَّ إِبْرَهِيمَ لَحَلِيمٌ أَوَّاهٌ مُّنِيبٌ
…Verily, Ibraheem was without a doubt, Haleem, Awwah, Muneeb.
[Hood:74]

 

 And concerning this, Imaam Sa’dee states in his tafseer; Haleem, meaning he had beautiful manners and did not anger when the ignorant behaved ignorantly. Awwah, meaning he always humbled himself to Allaah and Muneeb, meaning he always returned to Allaah with his knowledge and love for Him. And this is why he debated (with the angels) on behalf of those whom Allaah decreed to be destroyed.

Indeed this is why Ibraheem (alayhi salaam) is the most noble of all creation after the prophet (sallaallaahu ‘alayhi wa salam), for he was outstanding in character and in worship.

To free the heart

As-salaamu ‘alaykum warahmatullaahi wabarakaatuh,

Ibn Taymiyyah said: Zuhd is to leave alone those things which will not benefit you in the next life.

Sufyaan Ath-Thawri said: Zuhd is to have limited amount of expectations: it does not mean eating poor or inadequate foods as many think, or wearing a cheap gown or cloak.

Ibn Ja’laal said: Zuhd is to know that this life is a temporary one that will pass away; it should not be magnified in ones heart, nor should much focus be placed on it. Rather, on should turn away from it, it is said Zuhd means to refrain from this dunyaa (world), without showing off.

Al-Ju’nayd said: Zuhd means to free the heart from always wanting.

Imaam Ahmad said: Zuhd is not to have too many expectations.

Sulaymaan Ad-Daa’raani said: Zuhd means to leave those things which distract you from Allaah the exalted and high.

Ibn Mubaarak said: It (meaning Zuhd) is having trust in Allaah, and being content in times of poverty.

Abdulwaahid Ibn Zayd said: Zuhd can be practised by a person, even if he only possesses one dinaar or dirham.

Hassan Al-Basri said: Zuhd is not that you make the permissible (things) impermissible or by wasting ones money. But rather Zuhd is that you acknowledge that what Allaah the exalted has (destined for you) is better then what you have.

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Maadaarij As-Saalikeen by Ibnul Qayyim Al-Jawziyyah

A good ending

As-salaamu ‘alaykum warahmatullaahi wabarakaatuh,

The state in which an individual dies in can very much reflect whether their ultimate abode (Aakhirah) will be one of eternal bliss or otherwise.

There is a compelling story that I wish to share with you.

When Abu Zuraah Ar-Razi, the renowned scholar (rahimahullaah) was dying, Abu Hatim Ar-Razi and Muhammad Ibn Muslim Ibn Wara, his two students wished to attend to their teacher at his death bed desiring to remind Abu Zuraah of the testimony of faith but they were too shy because he was their teacher who had taught them about the religion.
But they had an idea. So the students pretend to have forgotten a hadeeth hoping their teacher would complete it for them and as a result for their teacher to utter the shahada.

The two students stood beside their teacher as his eyes remained closed.

Ibn Muslim cited the saying: “Abu A’asim An-Nabil narrated that Abdul Hamid Ibn Ja’far said…” and then he stopped, pretending to have forgotten.

So Abu Hatim, the other student carried on saying: “Muhammad Ibn Bashar narrated that Abu A’asim An-Nabil narrated that Abdul Hamid Ibn Ja’far said…”

And likewise Abu Hatim pretended he too had forgotten.
At that moment, Abu Zuraah Ar-Razi who was lifeless opened his eyes and sat up and said: “Abu A’asim An-Nabil narrated that Abdul Hamid Ibn Ja’far said that Salih Ibn Abu A’rib reported that Kathir Ibn Murra had said that Mu’adh Ibn Jabal quoted the prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa salam) as saying: “He who seals life with the words, there is no deity except Allaah…” Then Abu Zuraah’s soul departed as he was trying to remind his students of a hadeeth.

And so this scholar died with his last moment dedicating to teaching his students as well as saying the shahada. The manners of his students is something that we should all aspire to achieve, their gentleness towards helping their teacher to husnil khaatim ( a good ending) is one that is still told through outt history. May Allaah have mercy upon him (Ar-Razi) and his students, Aameen.

And may Allaah (exalted and glorified be he) grant us a good ending, Aameen!

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‘Ala baab Al-jannah by Mustafa Hosny

Most noble

As-salaamu ‘alaykum warahmatullaahi wabarakaatuh

 

 

 

Ibn Haajar Asqalaani (rahimahullaah) said in Fathul Baari:  We say, the Qur’aan is the most noble of all types of knowledge. So the one who learns it and teaches others; becomes the most noble than the one who teaches other than it [Qur’aan], even though he might teach something which becomes well established for his student.

 

And there is no doubt that learning the Qur’aan and teaching it, is more complete for a persons’ soul and to others

 

Recite from memory!

As-salaamu ‘alaykum warahmatullaahi wabarakaatuh,

“Trustworthiness was sent down in the depths of the heart of the people, then they learnt it from the Qur‘aan, and then they learnt it from the Sunnah.”

 

 

One of the worst habits that could have befallen upon the Ummah is the increase and negligence in memorising texts, from the Qur’aan to the wise  sayings of the scholars.  We see many muslims across the western countries fleeing to Islaamic talks and our echoes to ‘seek ‘Ilm’ has become a national anthem. However, let us ask ourselves how many of us are truly seeking this path? How many of us have taken the time to memorise the Qur’aan? The foundation of knowledge.

It has become even more appauling that Qur’aan teachers are so scarce to find. Yet when you enter the masaajid, instead of being welcomed by the sweet recitation of the Qur’aan, you will hear people quarreling about Fiqh issues when they have not even memorised the Qur’aan, nor do they have the knowledge to be discussing such matters!

Imaam Al-Khateeb Al-Baghdaadi (rahimahullaah) said:

“It is fitting for a student that he begins with the memorisation of the Book of Allaah (the Mighty and Majestic). Since it is the greatest of the branches of knowledge and that which should be placed first and given precedence.”

So why have we seen the raise of this culture that has left the memorisation of the Qur’aan as being something that is not sought? Alot of time we see students becoming almost distressed at the idea of memorising the whole Qur’aan. If the 7 year old boy can memorise it then we can too. If the 80 year old grandmother can memorise it, then we can too!

Allaah (exalted and glorified be he) said:

وَقُرْآناً فَرَقْنَاهُ لِتَقْرَأَهُ عَلَى النَّاسِ عَلَى مُكْثٍ وَنَزَّلْنَاهُ تَنزِيلاً

 

“And (it is) a Qur‘aan which We have divided (into parts) in order that you recite it to men at intervals. And we have sent it down in stages.” [Al-Isra’:106]

As the ayaah indicates, the Qur’aan was revealed in stages and Muslims across the world and through various times have also memorised it in stages. Memorisation of the Qur’aan is a wonderful thing and something that requires to be revived. But let us not think it will be easy, we must work hard to achieve it. 

And we see amongst us those who spend their time memorising ahadeeth and focusing all their energy on other sciences that they consider to be ‘exciting’. Whilst the copies of the Qur’aan have been abandoned to the extent that you see dust particles slowly coasting itself on these copies of the Qur’aan.

It is time to revive the way of the past. To tred the paths of those who had carved it with their bare hands. This is our chance to re-capture what we have lost before it is too late. How beautiful is it to have the words of Allaah engraved in our hearts, delicately treasured so it may constantly be with us wherever we go.  So I end with the words of the great Imaam.

Imaam Shafi’ee (rahimahullaah) said:

 

علمي معي حيثما يممت يتبعني ** قلبي وعاء له لا جوف صندوق

My knowledge is (always) with me; wherever I desire (to go) it follows me. My heart is a container for it (the knowledge), not a hollow inside a chest.

إن كنت في البيت كان العلم فيه معي ** أو كنت في السوق كان العلم في السوق

If i’m at home, the knowledge is there with me. Or if I am in the market-place then the knowledge is in the market-place.

 

A watcher

As-salamu ‘alaykum warahmatullaahi wabarakatuh,

“The angel can see what is in the heart of the human being, either because Allaah informs him of it or because Allaah has granted him some knowledge by means of which he is able to find it out.

The former view is supported by the report narrated by Ibn Abi’l-Dunya from Abu ‘Imraan al-Jawni who said: He calls out to the angel: Write down such and such for So and so, and he says: O Lord, he did not do it. He says: He intended it.

And it was said that the angel detects a foul odour when a person is thinking of doing a bad deed, and he detects a good smell for a good deed. That was narrated by At-Tabaraani from Abu Ma’shar Al-Madani. A similar report was narrated from Sufyaan Ibn ‘Uyaynah. “[1]

Not a word does he (or she) utter but there is a watcher by him ready (to record it).

[Qaaf:18]

                                                          

[1]Fathul Baari by Ibn Hajar Asqalaani 11/325