Archive for the ‘Food for the soul’ Category

The elite…

As-salaamu ‘alaykum warahmatullaahi wabarakaatuh,

This is from the chapter: “Honouring the people of Qur’aan and refraining from harming them”

Allaah the exalted say:

وَمَن يُعَظِّمْ شَعَائِرَ اللَّهِ فَإِنَّهَا مِن تَقْوَى الْقُلُوبِ

“…And whosoever honours the symbols of Allaah then that is indeed from the piety of the heart.” [Al-hajj:32]

And Allaah the almighty says:

ذَلِكَ وَمَن يُعَظِّمْ حُرُمَاتِ اللَّهِ فَهُوَ خَيْرٌ لَّهُ عِندَ رَبِّهِ

“…And whoever honours the sanctities of Allaah then that is better for him with his Lord.” [Al-Hajj:30]

Allaah the almighty says:

وَاخْفِضْ جَنَاحَكَ لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ

“And be gentle with the believers.” [Al-Hijr:88]

Allaah the almighty says:

وَالَّذِينَ يُؤْذُونَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ بِغَيْرِ مَا اكْتَسَبُوا فَقَدِ احْتَمَلُوا بُهْتَانًا وَإِثْمًا مُّبِينًا

“Those who harm the believing men and the believing women undeservedly have to bear on themselves the crime of slander and clear sin.” [Al-Ahzaab:58]

Abu Musa Al-Ashari (May Allaah be pleased with him) said that the Messenger of Allaah (Peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Among the means of venerating Allaah is to honour elderly Muslims, those who have memorised the Qur’aan and who neither exaggerates nor neglects it (the recitation) and to honour the people of authority who judge fairly.” [Narrated by Abu Dawood and is classified as hassan]

Aisha (May Allaah be pleased with her) said that the Messenger of Allaah (Peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) ordered us to place people in their respective rankings. [Narrated by Abu Dawood in his Sunan and Al-Haakim Abu Abdullaah classified it saheeh in his book ‘Uloomul Hadeeth’]

Jaabir bin Abdullaah (May Allaah be pleased with him) reports that the Messenger of Allaah (Peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) would bury two martyrs of Uhud together in the same grave and then asked; ‘Which of them knew more Qur’aan?’ and if one of the two was pointed out, he would place him in front of the other in the grave.” [Narrated by Al-Bukhaari]

Abu Hurayrah (May Allaah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allaah (Peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Indeed Allaah has said, whoever harms a friend of mine, I have indeed declared war against him.” [Narrated by Al-Bukhaari]

And it is also narrated in the two authentic books (Bukhaari and Muslim) that the Messenger of Allaah (Peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said” “Whoever prays the dawn prayers in congregation will be in the guardianship of Allaah, so let not yourselves be accountable to being questioned by Allaah regarding that under his guardianship.”

And the two great Imaams, Abu Haneefah and Shaafi’ee (May Allaah be pleased with them) are reported to have said: “If the scholars are not friends of Allaah, then Allaah has no friend.”

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At-Tibyaan fi adaab bi-hamalatil Qur’aan by Imaam Nawawi [p23-25]

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Allaah will love you…

As-salaamu ‘alaykum warahmatullaahi wabarakaatuh,

In these blessed days of Ramadaan, our Imaan is soaring, our tongues are moist with the rememberance of Allaah, our limbs bare the signs of fatique from hunger and thirst and our hearts are ever hopeful of the rewards awaiting us…and we say, as we should say everyday…We love our Lord!

Bishr Ibn Al-Sarri said: “It is not one of the signs of love that you hate what your beloved loves!”

Yahya Ibn Mu’adh said: “The one who claims to love Allaah yet does not preserve His limits is not truthful”

Al-Hasan said: “The companions of the prophet (sallaallahu ‘alayhi wa salam) said, ‘We Love our Lord a great deal,’ So Allaah desired to appoint a sign proving love of Him, so he revealed this verse”

قُلْ إِن كُنتُمْ تُحِبُّونَ اللّهَ فَاتَّبِعُونِي يُحْبِبْكُمُ اللّهُ

Say: “If you Love Allaah then follow me, Allaah will love you…”

 [Al-Imraan: 31]

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Tahqeeq kalimatul Ikhlaas by Ibn Rajab Al-Hanbali

The Salaf and the way they valued their time

As-salaamu ‘alaykum warahmatullaahi wabarakaatuh,

Al-Hassan Al-Basri (rahimahullaah) said: “Oh son of Aadam, you are but a few days, whenever a day is gone, part of you is gone too.” [1]

Al-Qasim Ibn Asa’kir (rahimahullaah) was informed that Sulaim Ibn Ayyub (rahimahullaah) used to give  importance to his time. He never wasted any time without doing a useful act. He either wrote books, gave lectures or read. [2]

Abu Al-Wafa’ Ali Ibn Aqeel (rahimahullaah) said: ” I am not allowed to waste an hour of my life. Even when I am not giving lectures or reading, my mind will still be occupied with some issues while I am lying down; and I will not get up until I find something useful to write. And I still find myself striving for knowledge in my eighties more so than when I was in my twenties.” [3]

Al-Hasan Al-Basri (rahimahullaah) advised his companions saying: “Do not be occupied with ephemeral worldly pleasure and forget the hereafter, your life is short, so hurry up and do not postpone today’s work till tomorrow, because you do not know when you will die and meet Allaah.” [4]

Al-Hasan Al-Basri (rahimahullaah) said: “I met some people who were more stingy with their time than their money” [5]

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[1] Siyar a’laam An-nubalaa by Adh-Dhahabi, 4:585

[2] Siyar a’laam An-nubalaa by Adh-Dhahabi, 17:646

[3] Al-Muntadham by Ibn Jawzi, 9:214

[4]Hilyat Al-Awliya by Abi Nu’aym, 2:140

[5] Sharh As-Sunnah by Al-Baghawi, 14:225

A profound substitute

As-salaamu ‘alaykum warahmatullaahi wabarakaatuh,

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In the arabic language, not a stone is left unturned. The language is so rich that even a concept like tanween has more to it than simply being a nunation attached to nouns. The arabs have divided tanween into four types. One type is known as Tanweenul ‘Iwad and its purpose is to subsititute the tanween for a letter, a word, a sentence or even an attribute!

For example, Allaah (exalted and glorified be he) says:

فَلَوْلَا إِذَا بَلَغَتِ الْحُلْقُومَ

Then why do you not (intervene) when (the soul of the dying person) reaches the throat? [1]

And he (exalted and glorified be he) continues to say:

وَأَنتُمْ حِينَئِذٍ تَنظُرُونَ

And you at the moment are looking on [2].

And instead of repeating part of the previous ayah, the tanween attached to 7eena is a substitute for ‘idha balaghatil hulqoom’ so the ayah actually means ‘You at that moment, [when (the soul of the dying person) reaches the throat] you’re looking”

In another ayah Allaah (exalted and glorified be he) says:

وَرَعْدٌ وَبَرْقٌ

…thunder and lightning…[3]

The tanween on ra’d and barq are omitted for “…Ra’dun qassifun wa barqun khatifun…” (Crashing thunder and flashing lightning).

And in another ayah Allaah (exalted and glorified be he) says:

يَوْمَئِذٍ تُحَدِّثُ أَخْبَارَهَا

That day it will declare its information [4].

And so when this ayah was revealed, the Messenger of Allaah (sallaallaahu ‘alayhi wa salam) said:

فَإِنَّ أَخْبَارَهَا أَنْ تَشْهَدَ عَلَى كُلِّ عَبْدٍ وَأَمَةٍ بِمَا عَمِلَ عَلَى ظَهْرِهَا أَنْ تَقُولَ: عَمِلَ كَذَا وَكَذَا يَوْمَ كَذَا وَكَذَا، فَهَذِهِ أَخْبَارُهَا

Verily, its information is that it will testify against every male and female servant, about what they did upon its surface. It will say that he did such and such on such and such day. So this is its information.” [5]

Subhanallaah, May Allaah grant us understanding of the Qur’aan, ameen.

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[1] Al-Waqi’ah:83

[2] Al-Waqi’ah:84

[3] Al-Baqarah:19

[4] Az-Zalzalah:4

[5] Tafseer Ibn Katheer

So we strive

As-salaamu ‘alaykum warahmatullaahi wabarakaatuh,

Life is never easy but it is how you go about it that makes all the difference. So Allaah (exalted and glorified be he) has given us the key to success. In a characteristic that is scarce to find except with those who truly strive for the sake of Allaah. 

And seek help in patience and prayer and truly it is extremely heavy and hard except for the true, submissive believers.

[Al-Baqarah: 45]

Perhaps by the mercy of Allaah we too shall be amongst the saabireen, our ranking raised due to our perservence and humility. So we strive…and supplicate…in hope of…Patience.

Ibraheem debates with the angels

As-salaamu ‘alaykum warahmatullaahi wabarakaatuh,

When Jibreel (alayhi salaam) and those with him came to Ibraheem (alayhi salaam) they said:

إِنَّا مُهْلِكُو أَهْلِ هَـذِهِ الْقَرْيَةِ

Verily, we are going to destroy the people of this town…

[Al-Ankaboot:31]

 

He said to them: “Would you destroy a town that has 300 believers in it?”
 
They said: “No.”
He then said: “Will you destroy a town that has 200 believers in it?”

They said: “No.”

He said: “Will you destroy a town that has 40 believers in it?”

They said: “No.”

He then said: “30”

They still replied: “No.”

This continued until he said: “5”

They said: “No.

Then he said: “What do you think if there is 1 believer in the town, would you destroy it?”

They said, “No.”

With this, Ibraheem said: Indeed Luut is in it (the town).

They said: “We know better who is there. We will verily, save him and his family except his wife.”

Therefore, Ibraheem remained silent and his soul was at rest. And Allaah exalted be he said:

إِنَّ إِبْرَهِيمَ لَحَلِيمٌ أَوَّاهٌ مُّنِيبٌ
…Verily, Ibraheem was without a doubt, Haleem, Awwah, Muneeb.
[Hood:74]

 

 And concerning this, Imaam Sa’dee states in his tafseer; Haleem, meaning he had beautiful manners and did not anger when the ignorant behaved ignorantly. Awwah, meaning he always humbled himself to Allaah and Muneeb, meaning he always returned to Allaah with his knowledge and love for Him. And this is why he debated (with the angels) on behalf of those whom Allaah decreed to be destroyed.

Indeed this is why Ibraheem (alayhi salaam) is the most noble of all creation after the prophet (sallaallaahu ‘alayhi wa salam), for he was outstanding in character and in worship.

To free the heart

As-salaamu ‘alaykum warahmatullaahi wabarakaatuh,

Ibn Taymiyyah said: Zuhd is to leave alone those things which will not benefit you in the next life.

Sufyaan Ath-Thawri said: Zuhd is to have limited amount of expectations: it does not mean eating poor or inadequate foods as many think, or wearing a cheap gown or cloak.

Ibn Ja’laal said: Zuhd is to know that this life is a temporary one that will pass away; it should not be magnified in ones heart, nor should much focus be placed on it. Rather, on should turn away from it, it is said Zuhd means to refrain from this dunyaa (world), without showing off.

Al-Ju’nayd said: Zuhd means to free the heart from always wanting.

Imaam Ahmad said: Zuhd is not to have too many expectations.

Sulaymaan Ad-Daa’raani said: Zuhd means to leave those things which distract you from Allaah the exalted and high.

Ibn Mubaarak said: It (meaning Zuhd) is having trust in Allaah, and being content in times of poverty.

Abdulwaahid Ibn Zayd said: Zuhd can be practised by a person, even if he only possesses one dinaar or dirham.

Hassan Al-Basri said: Zuhd is not that you make the permissible (things) impermissible or by wasting ones money. But rather Zuhd is that you acknowledge that what Allaah the exalted has (destined for you) is better then what you have.

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Maadaarij As-Saalikeen by Ibnul Qayyim Al-Jawziyyah

A good ending

As-salaamu ‘alaykum warahmatullaahi wabarakaatuh,

The state in which an individual dies in can very much reflect whether their ultimate abode (Aakhirah) will be one of eternal bliss or otherwise.

There is a compelling story that I wish to share with you.

When Abu Zuraah Ar-Razi, the renowned scholar (rahimahullaah) was dying, Abu Hatim Ar-Razi and Muhammad Ibn Muslim Ibn Wara, his two students wished to attend to their teacher at his death bed desiring to remind Abu Zuraah of the testimony of faith but they were too shy because he was their teacher who had taught them about the religion.
But they had an idea. So the students pretend to have forgotten a hadeeth hoping their teacher would complete it for them and as a result for their teacher to utter the shahada.

The two students stood beside their teacher as his eyes remained closed.

Ibn Muslim cited the saying: “Abu A’asim An-Nabil narrated that Abdul Hamid Ibn Ja’far said…” and then he stopped, pretending to have forgotten.

So Abu Hatim, the other student carried on saying: “Muhammad Ibn Bashar narrated that Abu A’asim An-Nabil narrated that Abdul Hamid Ibn Ja’far said…”

And likewise Abu Hatim pretended he too had forgotten.
At that moment, Abu Zuraah Ar-Razi who was lifeless opened his eyes and sat up and said: “Abu A’asim An-Nabil narrated that Abdul Hamid Ibn Ja’far said that Salih Ibn Abu A’rib reported that Kathir Ibn Murra had said that Mu’adh Ibn Jabal quoted the prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa salam) as saying: “He who seals life with the words, there is no deity except Allaah…” Then Abu Zuraah’s soul departed as he was trying to remind his students of a hadeeth.

And so this scholar died with his last moment dedicating to teaching his students as well as saying the shahada. The manners of his students is something that we should all aspire to achieve, their gentleness towards helping their teacher to husnil khaatim ( a good ending) is one that is still told through outt history. May Allaah have mercy upon him (Ar-Razi) and his students, Aameen.

And may Allaah (exalted and glorified be he) grant us a good ending, Aameen!

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‘Ala baab Al-jannah by Mustafa Hosny