Archive for March, 2009

Tuhfatul Atfaal [4]

As-salaamu ‘alaykum warahmatullaahi wabarakaatuh,  

Please do make dua that I am able to finish the whole translation within the following month or so Inshaa’Allaah!

Bismillaah,

 

 

حُكْمُ لامِ ألْ وَلامِ الْفِعْلِ

 

Rule of the laam of ‘al’ and the laam of the verb

 

 

لِـلاَمِ أَلْ حَـالاَنِ قَبْـلَ الأَحْـرُفِ ** أُولاَهُمَـا إِظْهَـارُهَـا فَلْتَـعْـرِفِ

 

The laam of ‘al’ has two conditions (when occurring) before the letters (of the alphabet). The first (condition) of which is idh-haar, so know this.  

 

قَبْلَ ارْبَعٍ مَعْ عَشْـرَةٍ خُـذْ عِلْمَـهُ ** مِنِ إبْـغِ حَجَّـكَ وَخَـفْ عَقِيمَـهُ

 

Before four with ten (i.e fourteen), take the knowledge from: Be desirous of your pilgrimage and fear that it becomes barren [1].

 

ثَانِيهِمَـا إِدْغَامُهَـا فِـي أَرْبَــعِ ** وَعَشْـرَةٍ أَيْضًـا وَرَمْزَهَـا فَـعِ

 The second (of the two conditions) is idghaam in four and ten (i.e fourteen) aswell, so grasp and memorise its combination 

طِبْ ثُمَّ صِلْ رُحْمًا تَفُزْ ضِفْ ذَا نِعَمْ ** دَعْ سُوءَ ظَـنٍّ زُرْ شَرِيفًـا لِلْكَرَمْ

 

Be good, then join family ties and you will be prosperous. Be hospitable to the one who possesses bounties. Shun evil thought and visit the distinguished for generosity [2].

 

 

وَاللاَّمُ الاُولَـى سَمِّهَـا قَمَـرِيَّـهْ ** وَاللاَّمَ الاُخْـرَى سَمِّهَـا شَمْسِيَّـهْ 

 

And the first laam, call it the lunar laam  and the last laam, call it the solar

laam

 

وأظْهِـرَنَّ لاَمَ فِـعْـلٍ مُطْلَـقَـا ** فِي نَحْوِ قُلْ نَعَـمْ وَقُلْنَـا وَالْتَقَـى

 

Observe the clarity of the laam of the verb in gerenal. For example in (the

words), Qul na’am, wa qulnaa and wataqa

 

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[1]

 

 This sentence is composed of 14 letters which the author mentioned which helps with the memorisation of the rules

 

[2]

The 14 letters of idghaam of the laam al-ta’rif is gathered here

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Most noble

As-salaamu ‘alaykum warahmatullaahi wabarakaatuh

 

 

 

Ibn Haajar Asqalaani (rahimahullaah) said in Fathul Baari:  We say, the Qur’aan is the most noble of all types of knowledge. So the one who learns it and teaches others; becomes the most noble than the one who teaches other than it [Qur’aan], even though he might teach something which becomes well established for his student.

 

And there is no doubt that learning the Qur’aan and teaching it, is more complete for a persons’ soul and to others

 

…they meet Allaah with no sin…

As-salaamu ‘alaykum warahmatullaahi wabarakaatuh,

 

The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Trials will continue to befall the believing man and woman, with regard to themselves, their children and their wealth, until they meet Allaah with no sin on them.” [1]

And what is more beautiful than coming before Allaah with all our sins extinguished? Is this life not but a taste and a short term home? Or would we rather live in short luxury for an eternal suffering? If cleansing of all of our sins is not enough then what is?

The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Worshipping at times of tribulation and confusion is like migrating to join me.” [2] And concerning this hadeeth, Imaam Nawawi (rahimahullaah) said: “The reason why worship at such times is of such great virtue is that people become negligent about worship and are distracted from it, and no one focuses on worship except a few.”

May Allaah grant us husnil khaatim (a good ending), Aameen.

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[1] At-Tirmidhi, 2399

[2] Muslim,2948